|Boris Turzhansky – Soviet pilot, the first Hero of the Soviet Union for military merits.
|Description||Boris Aleksandrovich Turzhansky (March 9, 1900 – June 14, 1948) – Soviet pilot, the first Hero of the Soviet Union for military merits (December 31, 1936).
Leading active air battles in the fighting in Spain, the squadron under his command shot down 6 enemy aircraft (Turzhansky personally shot down 3 aircraft). On December 20, 1936, during a forced landing after the battle, he was seriously injured (in the mountains the fighter had squatted), as a result of a complicated cranial operation he lost an eye and was sent home.
For courage and heroism shown in the performance of military and international duty, Combiouri Turzhansky Boris Aleksandrovich on December 31, 1936 was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. He became the first Hero of the Soviet Union, received the title for military service. On November 4, 1939, he was awarded the Gold Star Medal.
|Published by/for:||Ministry of Communications, 1985|