First leader of the Communist Party of Lithuania
Illustrated Envelop with special cancellation
|Description||Pranas Vinzović Ejdukevičius , pseudonym Marceli, 1869-1926) is one of the organizers and the first leader of the Communist Party of Lithuania.
He was born on September 25 (October 7) in the village of Virbalis, Vaukavyshsky district of the Suwalk province (now Vilkaviškis district of Lithuania) in the family of a railway worker. He worked as a metalworker. Throughout his life he was influenced by Lithuanian, Latvian, Polish, Belarusian and Russian cultures. From the end of the 1880s he participated in the revolutionary movement in Kaunas, then in Riga and Grodno. Member of the Revolution of 1905-1907 in Lodz, Wilno. In the period 1906-1918 gg. was a member of the Central Committee of the Social Democratic Party of Lithuania, co-operated in the Bolshevik press (“Social Democrat”, “Pravda”). In the ranks of the SDL, he participated in the leadership of the revolutionary wing of the Social Democrats, at the Seventh Congress of the Social Democratic Party of Poland (Krakow, August 1907), defended the idea of uniting with the RSDLP. He had close ties with the Polish workers’ movement, for 10 years he worked with the Polish Socialist Party.
In October 1918 he became one of the organizers of the First Congress of the Communist Party of Lithuania, at which he was elected chairman of the Central Committee of the Party.
He participated in the establishment of Soviet power in Lithuania, in 1918-19 he was chairman of the Presidium of the Vilnius Council. After the fall of Soviet power in Lithuania (1919) was on the leading Soviet and economic work in the RSFSR. Delegate of the Tenth Congress of the RCP (B.).
He died on March 7, 1926 in Moscow. Buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery.
|Type||Illustrated Envelop with special cancellation|
|Published by/for:||Ministry of Communications, 1989|
|Used/Unused||Canceled, Vilnius 7.10.89|